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Change in Ozone Air Pollution over Chicago Associated with Global Climate Change

TitleChange in Ozone Air Pollution over Chicago Associated with Global Climate Change
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsHolloway, T., S. N. Spak, D. Barker, M. Bretl, C. Moberg, K. Hayhoe, J. VanDorn, and D. Wuebbles
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres
Date PublishedNOV 29 2008
ISBN Number0148-0227
Keywords21ST-CENTURY, GROUND-LEVEL OZONE, impact, models, PRECIPITATION, PREDICTION, REGRESSION, temperature, united-states, URBAN

This study uses statistical downscaling to estimate the impact of future climate change on air quality. We employ historical observations of surface ozone (O-3) over the Chicago area, large-scale climate variables from the National Center for Environmental Protection (NCEP) reanalysis data, and climate projections from three GCMs (GFDL, PCM, and HadCM3), driven by two SRES emission scenarios (A1FI and B1 for GFDL and PCM; A2 and B1 for HadCM3). This approach calculates historic relationships between meteorology and O-3, and considers how future meteorology would affect ground-level O-3 if these relationships remain constant. Ozone mixing ratios over Chicago are found to be most sensitive to surface temperature, horizontal surface winds, surface relative humidity, incoming solar radiation, and cloud cover. Considering the change in O-3 due to global climate change alone, summertime (June, July, and August) mean mixing ratios over Chicago are projected to increase by 6 - 17 ppb by the end of the century, depending on assumptions about global economic growth and choice of GCM. Changes are greater under higher climate emissions scenarios and more sensitive climate models (e. g. 24 ppb for GFDL A1FI as compared to 2 ppb for PCM B1). However, this approach does not take into account changes in O-3-precursor emissions nor changes in local and lake-effect meteorology, which could combine with climate change to either enhance or diminish the projected change in local mixing ratios. Statistical downscaling is performed with the Statistical DownScaling Model (SDSM v. 4.1, a publicly available scientific analysis and decision-support tool.

DOIDOI 10.1029/2007JD009775
Reference number


Short TitleChange in Ozone Air Pollution over Chicago Associated with Global Climate Change
Citation Key409