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Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions

TitleGlobal and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsRaupach, MR, G. Marland, P. Ciais, C. Le Quere, JG Canadell, G. Klepper, and CB Field
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Date PublishedJUN 12 2007
ISBN Number0027-8424
Keywordsatmospheric co2, carbon intensity of economy, carbon intensity of energy, CARBON-DIOXIDE, emissions scenarios, ENERGY, fossil fuels, Kaya identity

CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel burning and industrial processes have been accelerating at a global scale, with their growth rate increasing from 1.1% y(-1) for 1990-1999 to >3% y(-1) for 2000-2004. The emissions growth rate since 2000 was greater than for the most fossil-fuel intensive of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change emissions scenarios developed in the late 1990s. Global emissions growth since 2000 was driven by a cessation or reversal of earlier declining trends in the energy intensity of gross domestic product (GDP) (energy/GDP) and the carbon intensity of energy (emissions/energy), coupled with continuing increases in population and per-capita GDP. Nearly constant or slightly increasing trends in the carbon intensity of energy have been recently observed in both developed and developing regions. No region is decarbonizing its energy supply. The growth rate in emissions is strongest in rapidly developing economies, particularly China. Together, the developing and least-developed economies (forming 80% of the world's population) accounted for 73% of global emissions growth in 2004 but only 41 % of global emissions and only 23% of global cumulative emissions since the mid-18th century. The results have implications for global equity.

DOIDOI 10.1073/pnas.0700609104
Reference number


Short TitleGlobal and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions
Citation Key82